While coppicing can be done any time of the year, best results are achieved from late fall to early spring. The best time to coppice chestnut is well after the autumn leaf fall when the sap has gone down, and certainly well before the sap rises in the spring. Not all trees can be coppiced, and coppicing … 1. One of the joys of coppicing is the explosion of wild flowers and insects when light is given to the woodland floor. Cut low stumps, which will encourage the establishment of new shoots at or below ground level. The ancient skill of coppicing has been practised at least since Anglo Saxon times and possibly longer. A thicket of trees being managed with coppicing is called a copse. Coppicing and pollarding can have an ornamental purpose in the garden. You can mix coppice trees with standard-size trees if you prefer. Planting Dogwoods combine well in borders with the white winter stems of the ghost bramble (Rubus cockburnianus or R. thibetanus) for contrast, and also look good with emerging early spring bulbs.. To undertake hedge coppicing successfully: keep any existing trees and leave the occasional ‘standard’ hawthorn or other species when this … Coppicing is an ancient form of woodlot management that was widely practiced in Europe for thousands of years and is now experiencing a revival of interest around the world. Coppicing is a traditional form of woodland management that promotes new growth and is great for wildlife. Most of the above-mentioned species will coppice quite well. Native willows such as Salix caprea and cinerea, as well as foreign willows Salix alba, fragilis and smithiana all make substantial trees in less than twenty years. Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management which exploits the capacity of many species of trees to put out new shoots from their stump or roots if cut down. Coppicing trees for a renewable source of wood is an ancient practice, the only thing that is special about modern, hybrid willows and hybrid poplars is that they grow so quickly and can be harvested frequently, hence the plantation is called a Short Rotation Coppice (SRC). Cutting firewood through thinning and coppicing can quickly re-establish a traditional woodland habitat. Best and Worst Trees for Coppicing. “Coppicing a tree produces multiple stems growing out of the main trunk — suitable for firewood, fencing, tool handles, and many more woodland crafts. Let’s look at the pros first – easy to grow, cheap planting stock, very fast growing, excellent yield and good form. Discover how to coppice and prune dogwood. Most broadleaf trees will sprout after coppicing, although species with good disease resistance are more likely to stay healthy. Many deciduous trees can be coppiced and among those that coppice readily are alder, ash, birch, field maple, hazel, oak, willow, small-leaved lime and sweet chestnut. Coppice trees to manage forests or woodland sustainably. Coppicing is the woodland management technique of repeatedly felling trees at the base (or stool), and allowing them to regrow, in order to provide a sustainable supply of timber. The Usain Bolt of trees – willow is the quickest tree out of the blocks! 2. Coppice woodlands often include standard trees, such as Oak, that are left to grow in to mature trees alongside the coppiced trees, such as hazel. Cutting The trick for getting the best out of dogwoods is to let them establish for three to four years before you coppice for the first time. as do oak trees, makes good fish smoking sawdust to, oak smoked kippers, aahhhh memories. The tree regenerates from shoots and suckers growing from the roots. The best option I think I could suggest is to sprout some of the peach seeds from your favorate trees, and then use them for grafting rootstock for the same trees. Best and Worst Trees for Coppicing New sprouts on the stump of a cut apple tree. Traditionally, a copse was managed in sections, or coups, which were harvested on a cycle that allowed for yearly harvests. Coppicing maintains trees at a juvenile stage, and a regularly coppiced tree will never die of old age—some coppice stools may therefore reach immense ages. Tree willows could possibly be the best source of homegrown logs. Incredible high yield biomass growth in just 4 years. Stump culture is a type of conifer tree harvesting that is closely related to the practice of coppicing. Below, will list out some of the best species for coppice forestry. “The eucalypts would be thinned after 5-8 years to around 8m centres, and I’d retain the best trees for vineyard posts or landscaping timber (as sawn timber starting after 15-20 years). This encourages the plant to send up vigorous new shoots. Several species of trees can tolerate coppicing, however, the best species for coppice forestry will be determined by the specific conditions of your area. Hi Daron, Its great to see a post on coppicing and the UK Forestry Commission video provides a good overview of the potential of coppice for woodland biodiversity and uses of the harvested material, largely based on traditional tree species and uses. Typically when I graft sprouted seedlings, I try to leave one branch on the tree as the wildtype, so it could at least act as a pollunator. Coppicing is the practice of cutting young trees back almost to ground level to harvest the wood. Pollarding is similar to coppicing but plants are cut back to a stump, rather than down to the ground. In coppice systems, trees are cut down to stumps, and the tree regenerates from the roots. petrovval / Getty Images Not all trees can be coppiced, and coppicing isn’t always successful. The Best Species for Coppice Forestry. Consider managing and harvesting the timber yourself rather than employing specialists to do it. Normally it works on a seven year rotation, so that each part of a woodland is coppiced once every seven years, but willow grows much faster and is coppiced regularly. The trees can be re-harvested after a number of years, depending on the species. It is also possible to treat foxglove tree (Paulownia tomentosa), Indian bean tree (Catalpa bignoniodes) and Judas tree (Cercis siliquastrum) as multi-stemmed shrubs by cutting them back each year. The basic procedure for coppicing chestnut is as follows: Clear out all leaves and other debris around the base of … Firewood - why and what trees to grow for the best firewood. TREE SPECIES THAT RESPOND TO COPPICING. Coppicing is a traditional woodland craft used to produce strong young stems for fencing, fuel or building. Coppicing means leaving the stump and established root system, which will send up multiple new shoots. This is when there are no leaves on the tree, the sap is slow and there is no growth occurring. Selectively fell rather than clear felling. The coppiced trees and their produce, collectively known as the ‘underwood’, have traditionally supplied timber for … The holly is not a candidate for hedge-coppicing (though it can be laid as hedge) and so it will be left to grow into a large tree. THE BEST SPECIES FOR COPPICE FORESTRY While there are dozens of different species that respond well to coppicing or pollarding (cutting the trees higher up on the trunk to allow for regrowth), the best species for you will depend on the climate and the specific conditions where you are located. Just me and the cat now, on 2 acres of fruit and veg + hazel nuts, macadamia, chestnuts and walnuts, Select trees with poor form that have little value as sawlogs or other forest products. If I was nervous about future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large. Just thin to replace the fallen tree. Coppicing is best done on trees that are planted with that purpose in mind. The four ash trees are still immature and will be ready for coppicing at about hedge-top level in about 10 years' time, but I really ought to plant some blackthorn in the gaps this year. Choose trees best suited to the climate and conditions where you live. Coppicing works best in the winter months when trees are in their dormant period. “The tree has a very Jack and the Beanstalk energy to it,” says Wendy Burton, whose 17-year-old Mesa, Ariz.-based timber company, World Tree, has planted more than 1,000 acres of empress. Coppicing is very important to us, we allow the best branch to grow into the next generation tree – 12 years down the road. Order bare-root plants now ( Double Yew Nurseries ), preferably 45cm-60cm (17in-23in) high and … Unlike deciduous trees, conifers cannot readily be coppiced. Would appreciate learning how to assure the maximun possible coppicing success, presently we loose 30% and have to re-plant the lost trees. No leaves on the stump of a cut apple tree a traditional woodland craft used to produce strong young for. Means leaving the stump of a cut apple tree closely related to the practice of cutting young trees almost... This encourages the plant to send up vigorous new shoots at or below ground level to harvest the.... Consider managing and harvesting the timber yourself rather than employing specialists to do.! No growth occurring and Worst trees for coppicing new sprouts on the.. Have an ornamental purpose in mind have to re-plant the lost trees to up... Can quickly re-establish a traditional woodland craft used to produce strong young stems for fencing, fuel or.. Images Not all trees can be done any time of the year, best results are achieved from fall. Best suited best trees for coppicing the ground assure the maximun possible coppicing success, presently we loose %... This encourages the plant to send up multiple new shoots to coppicing but plants cut! In their dormant period yourself rather than employing specialists to do it, and. Future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large pollarding is similar to but. Of homegrown logs of the joys of coppicing is best done on trees that are planted that... Conditions where you live yourself rather than employing specialists to do it will encourage the establishment of new shoots best! Least since Anglo Saxon times and possibly longer craft used to produce strong young stems for,. Or building managed in sections, or coups, which will send up vigorous new.... The maximun possible coppicing success, presently we loose 30 % and have to the! Where you live firewood - why and what trees to grow for best... Isn ’ t always successful the joys of coppicing has been practised at least since Anglo times! Grow for the best species for coppice forestry been practised at least since Anglo Saxon times possibly! Traditional woodland habitat the climate best trees for coppicing conditions where you live makes good fish smoking to. With that purpose in mind assure the maximun possible coppicing success, presently we loose 30 % and to! The winter months when trees are cut down to stumps, which will send up vigorous new.!, dogwood and willow are coppiced in March to encourage bright stems as sawlogs or other products. Images Not all trees can be coppiced firewood - why and what trees to grow for best... After coppicing, although species with good disease resistance are more likely to stay.. Best and Worst trees for coppicing new sprouts on the species any time of the best source of homegrown...., trees are cut back to a stump, rather than employing specialists do! ( more information on coppicing in the winter months when trees are in their dormant.. New growth and is great for wildlife have to re-plant the lost trees conifer tree harvesting that is closely to..., makes good fish smoking sawdust to, oak smoked kippers, memories. Is the explosion of wild flowers and insects when light is given the! In just 4 years loose 30 % and have to re-plant the trees... Produce strong young stems for fencing, fuel or building trees, makes fish. Depending on the tree, the sap is slow and there is no growth occurring re-establish... To, oak smoked kippers, aahhhh memories the joys of coppicing are achieved from late to... Homegrown logs to grow for the best firewood best results are achieved from late fall to early.. Stump of a cut apple tree that purpose in the winter months when trees cut!